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igus® inc.

PO BOX 14349

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RI 02914

+1 800 521 2747
+1 401 438 7270

iglide® A500 - Material data

Materials table

General features Unit iglide® A500 Test method
Density g/cm³ 1.28
Color Brown
Max. humidity absorption at 73° F/50% R. H. Wt.-% 0.3 DIN 53495
Max. water absorption Wt.-% 0.5

Mechanical properties
Bending E-module psi 522,000 DIN 53457
Bending strength at 68° F psi 20,300 DIN 53452
Maximum recommended surface pressure (68° F) psi 17,400
Shore D hardness 83 DIN 53505

Physical and thermal properties
Upper long-term application temperature °F 482
Upper short-term application temperature °F 572
Lower application temperature °F -148

Electrical properties
Specific forward resistance Ωcm > 1014 DIN IEC 93
Surface resistance Ω > 1013 DIN 53482

Permitted p x v values

For iglide® A500 plastic bushings with 1 mm wall thickness in dry operation against a steel shaft, at 68° F, installed in a steel housing.

Plastic bushings made of iglide® A500 can be used at high temperatures and are permitted for use in direct contact with foodstuffs (FDA compatible). They exhibit an exceptionally good chemical resistance and are suitable for the heavy-duty use in machinery for the food industry.

Figure 10.2: Deformation under load and temperatures

Surface pressure

Though iglide® A500 is an extremely soft material, it simultaneously possesses an excellent compressive strength even at high temperatures. Figure 10.2 shows the maximum recommended surface pressure of the bushing dependent on the temperature. This combination of high stability and high flexibility acts very positively during vibrations and edge loads.

As the wear of the bushing rapidly escalates from pressures of 1,450 to 2,901 psi, we recommend a particularly accurate testing of the application above these limits.

Maximum surface speed

ftpm Rotating Oscillating Linear
Continuous 118 78 196
Short-term 196 137 393

Permitted surface speeds

iglide® A500 also permits high surface speeds due to the high temperature resistance. The coefficient of friction rises however by these high rotatary speeds leading to a higher heating up of the bushings. Tests show that plastic bushings made of iglide® A500 are more wear resistant in pivoting motions, and the permitted p x v values are also higher in the pivoting application.

Figure 10.3: Maximum recommended surface pressure dependent on the temperature


The short-term permitted maximum application temperature is 572° F. With increasing temperatures, the compressive strength of iglide® A500 plastic bushings decreases. Fig. 10.3 clarifies this connection. The temperatures prevailing in the bushing system also have an influence on the bushing wear.

Temperature limits

iglide® A500 Application temperature
Lower -148 °F
Upper, long-term + 482 °F
Upper, short-term + 572 °F
Additional axial securing + 266°F

Figure 2.4: Coefficients of friction dependent on the surface speed, p = 108 psi

Friction and wear

The coefficient of friction is dependent on the load that acts on the bushing. In iglide® A500 plastic bushings, the friction coefficient µ initially declines with increasing load. The most favorable coefficient of friction is attained from about 1,450 psi.

Friction and wear also depend to a high degree on the reverse partner. Thus extremely smooth shafts enhance not only the coefficient of friction, but also the bushing wear. Ground surfaces with and average medium roughness range of 16 to 38 rms are the most suitable

Coefficients of friction for iglide® A500 against steel
(Shaft finish = 40 rms, 50 HRC)

iglide® A500 Dry Grease Oil Water
Coefficients of friction 0.10 - 0.40 0.09 0.04 0.04
Figure 2.5: Coefficients of friction dependent on the load, v = 1.96 fpm
Figure 10.6: Coefficients of friction dependent on the shaft surface (1050 hard chromed)

Fig. 2.7: Wear, rotating application with different shaft materials, load p = 108 psi, v = 98 fpm

Shaft materials

The diagrams display a summary of the results of tests with different shaft materials conducted with plastic bushings made of iglide® A500. The combination "iglide® A500/hard-chromed shaft" clearly stands out in rotating application. Up to about 290 psi, the wear of this combination remains largely independent of load.

With regard to oscillating movements against shafts of 1050 steel, the wear resistance is better than that of rotation under the same pressure.

Please contact us in case the shaft material scheduled by you is not included in these figures.
Figure 10.8: Wear with various shaft materials in the rotating operation
Figure 10.9: Wear with various shaft materials, oscillating and rotating movement p = 290 psi

Important tolerances for iglide® A500 plastic bushings according to ISO 3547-1 after the press-fit.

d1 [inch]
Shaft h9
iglide® A290
F10 [inch]
Up to 0.019685 0 - 0.00098425 +0.0002362 + 0.0018110
> 0.1181 to 0.2362 0 - 0.0011811 +0.0003937 + 0.0022835
> 0.2362 to 0.3937 0 - 0.00141732 +0.0005118 + 0.0027953
> 0.3937 to 0.7087 0 - 0.00169291 +0.0006299 + 0.0033858
> 0.7087 to 1.1811 0 - 0.00204724 +0.0007874 + 0.0040945
> 1.1811 to 1.9685 0 - 0.00244094 +0.0011811 + 0.0059055

Installation tolerances

iglide® A500 plastic bushings are standard bushings for shafts with h-tolerance (recommended minimum h9).

After the installation in a housing bore with H7 tolerance, the inner diameter of the bushing automatically adjusts to the E10 tolerance.

Medium Resistance
Alcohol +
Hydrocarbons, chlorinated +
Greases, oils, without additives +
Fuels +
Weak acids +
Strong acids +
Weak alkaline +
Strong alkaline +
+ resistant      0 conditionally resistant      - non-resistant

plastic bushings moisture absorbtion Figure 10.10: Influence of moisture absorption of iglide® A500 plastic bushings

Electrical properties

Specific volume resistance > 1014 Ωcm
Surface resistance > 1013 Ω

Chemical resistance

iglide® A500 plastic bushings have an excellent resistance to cleaning agents, greases, oils, bases and acids. The moisture absorption of the iglide® A500 plastic bushings is only 0.5% when saturated.

The humidity absorption of iglide® A290 plastic bushings amounts to about 1.7% in standard climatic conditions. The saturation point in water is at 7.3%, a disadvantage which must be accounted for by all means in applications in humid and wet areas.

Please contact us if there is any query about clearance design in humid applications.

Radioactive rays

Plastic bushings made of iglide® A500 figure among the most radiation-resistant bushings in the iglide® product range. The plastic bushings are resistant up to a radioactive intensity of 2 x 105 Gy Higher radiations affect the material and can lead to the loss of important mechanical properties.


iglide® A500 plastic bushings are largely resistant to UV rays.


The iglide® A500 plastic bushings can be used in vacuum only restrictedly.

Electrical properties

iglide® A500 plastic bushings are electrically insulating.

The terms "igus", "Apiro", "chainflex", "CFRIP", "conprotect", "CTD", "drylin", "dry-tech", "dryspin", "easy chain", "e-chain", "e-chain systems", "e-ketten", "e-kettensysteme", "e-skin", "e-spool", "flizz", "ibow", "igear", "iglidur", "igubal", "kineKIT", "manus", "motion plastics", "pikchain", "plastics for longer life", "readychain", "readycable", "ReBeL", "speedigus", "triflex", "robolink", "xirodur", and "xiros" are legally protected trademarks of the igus® GmbH/ Cologne in the Federal Republic of Germany and where applicable in some foreign countries.

igus® GmbH points out that it does not sell any products of the companies Allen Bradley, B&R, Baumüller, Beckhoff, Lahr, Control Techniques, Danaher Motion, ELAU, FAGOR, FANUC, Festo, Heidenhain, Jetter, Lenze, LinMot, LTi DRiVES, Mitsibushi, NUM,Parker, Bosch Rexroth, SEW, Siemens, Stöber and all other drive manufacturers mention in this website. The products offered by igus® are those of igus® GmbH