Inquiry / Contact
igus® inc.

PO BOX 14349

East Providence

RI 02914

+1 800 521 2747
+1 401 438 7270
igus® inc.

Vice President

East Providence, RI

+1 401 438 2200
+1 401 438 7270

iglide® M250 - Material data

Materials table

General features Unit iglide® M250 Test method
Density g/cm³ 1.14
Color Charcoal
Max. humidity absorption at 73° F/50% R. H. Wt.-% 1.4 DIN 53495
Max. water absorption Wt.-% 7.6
Coefficient of surface friction, dynamic, against steel µ 0.18 - 0.40
p x v value, max. (dry) psi x fpm 3,400

Mechanical properties
Modulus of elasticity psi 391,600 DIN 53457
Tensile strength at 68° F psi 16,240 DIN 53452
Compressive strength psi 7,542
Permissible static surface pressure (68° F) psi 2,901
Shore D hardness 79 DIN 53505

Physical and thermal properties
Max. long-term application temperature °F 176
Max. short-term application temperature °F 338
Min. application temperature °F -40
Thermal conductivity [W/m x K] 0.24 ASTM C 177
Coefficient of thermal expansion (at 73.4° F) [K-1 x 10-5 ] 10 DIN 53752

Electrical properties
Specific volume resistance Ωcm > 1013 DIN IEC 93
Surface resistance Ω > 1011 DIN 53482

bearings wear resistant  
Permitted p x v values

For iglide® M250 plastic bushings with 0.03 in wall thickness in dry operation against a steel shaft, at 68° F, installed in a steel housing.

The M250 distinguishes itself by its impact strength, vibration dampening and wear resistance. They prove to be particularly good under stresses in which the vibration dampening of the bushing is called for, for instance in sports equipment and packaging machines. As they are also in a position to tolerate dirt, they are ideal for use in agricultural machinery and garden equipment.

durable bushings

Figure 4.2: Deformation under load and temperatures

 
Compressive Strength

iglide® M250 plastic bushings have a maximum recommended surface pressure of 2900 psi. The deformation at room temperature is under 2%. Compared with other iglide® materials, the iglide® M250 plastic bushings are very elastic. By this elasticity they can yield very well, but reset again. A plastic deformation is negligible up to the maximum recommended surface pressure.

Maximum surface speed

fpm Rotating Oscillating Linear
Constant 157 118 492
Short-term 393 275 984

Permitted surface speeds

iglide® M250 is finished with greater wall thickness in the standard product range. As this lowers the conduction of frictional heat, the iglide® M250 plastic bushings are mainly considered for low to medium surface speeds. The maximum permitted surface speeds in the dry operation are 157 fpm (rotating) and 492 fpm (linear) respectively.

bushing surface pressure

Figure 4.3: Maximum recommended surface pressure dependent on the temperature

 
Temperatures

The short-term permitted maximum temperature is 338° F. The iglide® M250 plastic bushings should however be exposed to this temperature only without any more load. The long-term permitted application temperature lies at 176° F. Here you'll find the wear limit, thus also the temperature at which the wear increases disproportionately.

Temperature limits

iglide® M250 Application temperature
Lower - 40 °F
Upper, long-term + 176 °F
Upper, short-term + 338 °F
Additional axial securing + 140 °F

bearing surface speed

Figure 2.4: Coefficients of friction dependent on the surface speed, p = 108 psi

 
Friction and wear

The coefficient of friction µ of a plastic bushing is, among other things, influenced by surface speed and load. If the load remains constant, the coefficient of friction rises with increasing speed

In contrast, a lone increase of the load at constant speed results in a reduction of the coefficient of friction

Friction and wear depend also strongly on the surface of the shaft. For iglide® M250 plastic bushings a ground surface with an average roughness of 24 rms is recommended for the shaft.

Coefficients of friction for iglide® M250 against steel
(Shaft finish = 40 rms, 50 HRC)

iglide® M250 Dry Grease Oil Water
Coefficients of friction µ 0.18 - 0.40 0.09 0.04 0.04

coefficients of friction

Figure 2.5: Coefficients of friction dependent on the load, v = 1.97 fpm

 
bushing coefficients of friction

Figure 4.6: Coefficients of friction dependent on the shaft surface (shaft Cold Rolled Steel)

 
bushings for rotation

Fig. 2.7: Wear, rotating application with different shaft materials, load p = 108 psi, v = 98 fpm

 
bushing wear

Figure 4.8: Wear with various shaft materials in the rotating operation dependent on the load

 
rotating bushings

Figure 4.9: Wear in oscillating and rotating applications with different shaft materials at p = 290 psi

 
Shaft materials

The diagrams 4.8 and 4.9 display a summary of the results of tests with different shaft materials conducted with plastic bushings made of iglide® M250.

In rotations, the shaft material plays only a comparably minor role up to loads of 290 psi. Figure on the left shows at a glance the shaft materials best suited for low loads.

If the load increases, the wear of some pairings increases markedly. For this reason, a suitable shaft material should be considered with high loads. These are the hard shafts, for example Cold Rolled Steel or hard-chromed shafts, if the wear resistance is viewed in isolation.

The graph clarifies that the iglide® M250 is essentially better for rotating and pivoting operations. Here it must be mentioned that in practice the vibrations acting on the bushing are often extremely high in pivoting movements. Here the iglide® M250 can exercise its particularly dampening properties. In our test such vibrations are excluded, so that the comparison between rotation and pivoting operation amazes at first.

Important tolerances for iglide® M250 plastic bushings according to ISO 3547-1 after the press-fit.

Diameter
d1 [inch]
Shaft h9
[inch]
iglide® M250
D11 [inch]
Up to 0.019685 0 - 0.0009843 +0.0007874 + 0.0031496
> 0.1181 to 0.2362 0 - 0.0011811 +0.0011811 + 0.0041339
> 0.2362 to 0.3937 0 - 0.0014173 +0.0015748 + 0.0051181
> 0.3937 to 0.7087 0 - 0.0016929 +0.0019685 + 0.0062992
> 0.7087 to 1.1811 0 - 0.0020472 +0.0025591 + 0.0076772
> 1.1811 to 1.9685 0 - 0.0024409 +0.0031496 + 0.0094488

Installation tolerances

iglide® M250 bushings require relatively large bushing clearances for optimum performances. These ensure that the bushings remain reliable even with thermal expansion and water absorption.

These clearances, which would have been unacceptable for a metallic bushing, only enable the iglide® M250 plastic bushing to display its best qualities such as wear resistance and freedom from maintenance. The disadvantages of the bushing clearance are again compensated by the vibration dampening properties.

After the installation in a housing bore with the tolerance H7, the inner diameter of the bushing automatically adjusts to the D11 tolerance. The shaft should have a minimum H9 tolerance.

Medium Resistance
Alcohol + to 0
Hydrocarbons, chlorinated +
Greases, oils, without additives +
Fuels +
Weak acids 0 to -
Strong acids -
Weak alkaline +
Strong alkaline 0
+ resistant      0 conditionally resistant      - non-resistant

Influence of humidity absorption

Figure 4.10: Influence of humidity absorption of iglide® M250 plastic bushings

 

Electrical properties

Specific volume resistance > 1013 Ωcm
Surface resistance > 1011 Ω

Chemical resistance

iglide® M250 plastic bushings have a good resistance against chemicals. They are resistant to most lubricants. The iglide® M250 is not affected by most weak organic and inorganic acids.

The humidity absorption of iglide® M250 plastic bushings amounts to about 1.4% in standard climatic conditions. The saturation limit in water is 7.5%. This should be considered according to application conditions.

Radioactive rays

Plastic bushings made of iglide® M250 are conditionally usable under radioactive radiation. They are resistant up to a radiation intensity of 1,000 Gy.

UV-resistant

iglide® M250 plastic bushings are permanently resistant to UV rays.

Vacuum

The iglide® M250 plastic bushing degasses potentially available humidity in vacuum. The relatively high humidity absorption of the plastic bushing therefore permits the bushing to be used in vacuum only restrictedly.

Electrical properties

Plastic bushings made of iglide® M250 are electrically insulating.